Internal Medicine

Addison's Disease
What is Addison's disease? Addison’s disease is the common name for hypoadrenocorticism. Hypoadrenocorticism is a condition where there is diminished or lowered hormone production from the outer part...

Canine Immune Mediated Thrombocytopenia (ITP)
Canine immune mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP), is an autoimmune disease. The body's immune system is designed to fight foreign substances in the body, like germs and viruses. But in...

Canine Lymphoma
Lymphoma (lymphosarcoma) is a relatively common type of cancer found in dogs and cats which arises from lymphoid tissue. Lymphocytes are present to detect and mount immune responses...

Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy is the examination of the colon with a fiberoptic endoscope. This procedure is commonly performed if an animal has chronic diarrhea, blood in the stool, painful, or frequent...

Cushing's Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism)
Cushing's disease is a condition in which the adrenal glands overproduce certain hormones. The medical term for this disease is hyperadrenocorticism. The adrenal glands produce several vital substances which...

Endoscopy in Dogs and Cats (general description)
An endoscope is a flexible fiberoptic tube that is inserted into the area that needs to be examined.  This can be the nose, trachea, bronchi, esophagus, stomach, small...

Gastroduodenoscopy
Gastroduodenoscopy is the examination of the esophagus, stomach and initial part of the small intestine.   Strictures of the esophagus can be caused by trauma from a previous foreign...

Immune mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA)
Immune mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA), also known as auto-immune mediated hemolytic anemia (AIHA), is a disease in which the body's immune system, which is designed to attack and...

Lymphoma (Canine)
Lymphoma (lymphosarcoma) is a relatively common type of cancer found in dogs and cats which arises from lymphoid tissue. Lymphocytes are present to detect and mount immune responses to...

Percutaneous gastrostomy tubes (PEG tubes)
Percutaneous gastrostomy tubes (commonly called PEG tubes) are feeding tubes that are placed through the skin into the stomach to allow an animal to be fed when they...

Rhinoscopy
Rhinoscopy is frequently performed for dogs and cats with unexplained nasal discharge or changes in upper respiratory sounds.  Foreign bodies, tumors, fungal disease and allergic disease can all...

Tracheobronscoscopy
Tracheobronchoscopy is the examination of the trachea and bronchi with a fiberoptic endoscope.  It is helpful for diagnosing collapsing trachea, chronic bronchitis and bronchial collapse, respiratory parasites and...

Understanding Diabetes Mellitus and Home Management Techniques
Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, allows entry of glucose into the cells to be used as energy.  When glucose levels are high, such as after a...

What is a specialist?
A veterinary specialist, as recognized by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), is a graduate veterinarian who has successfully completed the process of board certification in an AVMA-recognized...

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